What is Shopify Hosted payment SDK? Build a Payment Gateway using Hosted payment SDK

Payment gateways can be considered as one of the most vital factors when it comes to building an online store. Nowadays, there are various payment gateways from third parties that you can integrate into your checkout page. However, with the Shopify platform, a payment gateway can be easily built just by using Shopify Hosted payment SDK.

If you are completely new to this subject or you are looking for more information on Shopify Hosted Payment SDK, then this writing on How to build a payment gateway using Shopify Hosted payment SDK is for you.

However, please kindly note that access to the Hosted Payment SDK is restricted, so you need to be granted first to build a payment gateway!

What is Shopify Hosted payment SDK? How to build it?

What is Shopify Hosted Payment SDK?

Shopify Hosted Payment SDK is a payment gateway designed and supported by the Shopify team to help connect your hosted payment page with all checkouts implemented on Shopify. All Hosted Payment SDK integrations are grounded in a full-page redirect on the final checkout step of the checkout flow. This offers a standardized interface for a lot of 3rd party payment gateways. By using predefined values, Shopify checkout will redirect visitors and customers to the payment page that you provide. After getting the payment done, they will be redirected back to the Shopify page where the order status is displayed.

How Shopify Hosted payment SDK works?

Working as a transaction - hosted payment page integrator, Hosted Payment SDK is employed in almost all steps of the checkout process, including 6 stages. Not all of them can be visually seen by customers.

How Hosted payment SDK works

  • Stage 1: In this stage, your customer places an order with Shopify Checkout. Their email, shipping address, and delivery method will be filled in. Then they have to select your gateway as a payment option.

  • Stage 2: After step 1, the customer will be redirected to the URL of your gateway using a post request. Your gateway’s job is to verify the x_signature value and presents its own hosted payment page to your customer.

  • Stage 3: On the hosted payment page provided, the customer needs to pay for the order.

  • Stage 4: Customers who have got the payment flow done will be redirected back to x_url_complete with required Response Values as query parameters, including x_signature. Those who exit the payment flow before finishing it will be redirected back to x_url_cancel.

  • Stage 5: It would be the best working method for your payment gateway to be in use to post a callback to x_url_callback with the same Response Values. This is to make certain that all orders can be successfully completed even if the Shopify - customer connection is prematurely terminated. Please kindly note that all callbacks need to be in POST HTTP x-www-form-urlencoded format.

  • Stage 6: Customers will be redirected to a thank-you page for completing an order. However, please note that:

    • HTTP 200 does indicate successful receipt of a Shopify callback. Otherwise, we recommend up to 5 retries together with an interval of 1 minute (at least)

    • Shopify will ignore duplicate requests.

How to Build Shopify Hosted Payment SDK

Developing your hosted payment gateway integration using the Hosted Payment Simulator

Here is how to run a transaction preview with the Hosted Payment Simulator:

Step 1: Add a payment gateway

Change your gateway’s Redirect URL to https://offsite-gateway-sim.shopifycloud.com/ or add a payment gateway.

Step 2: Activate your payment gateway

Now you can see your gateway available in your development store, located under the drop-down list named Credit Cards or Alternative Gateways. Find and activate it with these credentials:

  • Username - any non-empty value
  • Password / HMAC Key - iU44RWxeik

Activate your payment gateway

This gateway will redirect your customers to https://offsite-gateway-sim.shopifycloud.com/.

Step 3: Complete-a-test-purchase

Try placing an order on your website. In case there is no product in your store, then it’s a must for you to add one before completing a purchase.

Adding a gateway to your Shopify Partner’s account

After completing your payment gateway’s development, now you can add it to your development store. Let’s take a look at those steps below:

Step 1: Login

Sign in to your Shopify Dashboard.

Login

Step 2: Open Gateways

In the Shopify Dashboard, choose Gateways which is under the Apps section.

Open Gateways

Step 3: Create a Gateway

Next, choose Create Gateway

Step 4: Fill in required fields

Fill in these fields with your gateway’s information:

  • Gateway Name: It will be displayed in the merchant payment settings and on checkout pages as a payment option.

  • Gateway Website: This URL will be provided within the payment settings. Customers can also use it to review your service.

  • Gateway Logo: The logo will be displayed in the size of 24 x 220 pixels.

  • Gateway Category: Your gateway will be displayed under this category, within payment settings.

  • Login Label: Describes the sign-in credential types for the gateway like Account Number or Username.

  • Password Label: Describes passwords for the gateway like Secret Key or Password.

  • Redirect URL: Customers will be redirected to this address at checkout. All request values that will be sent must be handled by this URL.

  • Sandbox URL: You are allowed to send test transactions to this URL. This is optional.

  • Payment Types: Appears next to your logo at checkout.

  • Countries Served: Countries where merchant accounts are available and are supported.

Publishing your payment gateway

Publishing your payment gateway or requesting Shopify to list your gateway publicly for all shops in your supported countries comes with a condition: there are at least 50 Shopify stores using your gateway having processed 1 million USD in total at least or equivalent. If qualified, the gateway will be listed in Payment Settings and on the public list of gateways of Shopify.

If you want to make a requirement of listing your gateway, please contact Shopify Team with the information below:

  • Subject line: Hosted Payment SDK - Public listing request
  • Partner ID
  • Gateway Name
  • Description of your service
  • A list of Shopify merchants using your gateway
  • The total transaction volume they have processed
  • Screenshots of the checkout process for both successful and failed payment attempts
  • Setup steps for merchants in need of configuring your gateway with their store

Adding order management to your gateway

Capture Payments

Shopify will send the Request Values to your app whenever a merchant wants to capture a transaction in the Shopify admin, with the x_transaction_type to capture:

Key Type Example
x_transaction_type fixed choice capture

Please note that it’s a must to send back the Response Values with the x_transaction_type set to authorization:

Key Type Example
x_transaction_type fixed choice authorization
The way a manual capture works
  • Step 1. First, in the Shopify admin, the merchant clicks the capture button on the checkout page.
  • Step 2. Shopify sends a POST JSON request to your capture URL with the Request Values. However, kindly note that your server must reply with a 200 HTTP OK. If not, Shopify will automatically cancel the order.
  • Step 3. Your server posts a callback to x_url_callback with the Response Values.
How to set up manual capture
  • Step 1. Sign in your account to the Partner Dashboard.
  • Step 2. Choose Payment gateways.
  • Step 3. Tap your payment gateway’s name.
  • Step 4. Click Edit gateway settings on the page of your payment gateway.
  • Step 5. Fill in the URL of your gateway’s capture endpoint in the Capture URL field in the Payment URLs section.

When a capture is made in the Shopify admin, the Request Values will be sent to your Capture URL by Shopify.

Refund Payments

Shopify will send the Request Values to your app whenever a merchant wants to capture a transaction in the Shopify admin, with the x_transaction_type to refund:

Key Type Example
x_transaction_type fixed choice refund

Please note that it’s a must to send back the Response Values with the x_transaction_type set to refund:

Key Type Example
x_transaction_type fixed choice refund
The way a refund works
  • Step 1. First, in the Shopify admin, the merchant clicks the capture button on the checkout page.
  • Step 2. Shopify sends a POST JSON request to your capture URL with the Request Values. However, kindly note that your server must reply with a 200 HTTP OK. If not, Shopify will automatically cancel the order.
  • Step 3. Your server posts a callback to x_url_callback with the Response Values.
How to set up refunds
  • Step 1. Sign in your account to the Partner Dashboard.
  • Step 2. Choose Payment gateways.
  • Step 3. Tap your payment gateway’s name.
  • Step 4. Click Edit gateway settings on the page of your payment gateway.
  • Step 5. Fill in the URL of your gateway’s capture endpoint in the Capture URL field in the Payment URLs section.

When a capture is made in the Shopify admin, the Request Values will be sent to your Refund URL by Shopify.

Void Payments

Shopify will send the Request Values to your app whenever a merchant wants to capture a transaction in the Shopify admin, with the x_transaction_type to void:

Key Type Example
x_transaction_type fixed choice void

Please note that it’s a must to send back the Response Values with the x_transaction_type set to refund:

Key Type Example
x_transaction_type fixed choice refund
The way a refund works
  • Step 1. First, in the Shopify admin, the merchant clicks the capture button on the checkout page.
  • Step 2. Shopify sends a POST JSON request to your capture URL with the Request Values. However, kindly note that your server must reply with a 200 HTTP OK. If not, Shopify will automatically cancel the order.
  • Step 3. Your server posts a callback to x_url_callback with the Response Values.
How to set up refunds
  • Step 1. Sign in your account to the Partner Dashboard.
  • Step 2. Choose Payment gateways.
  • Step 3. Tap your payment gateway’s name.
  • Step 4. Click Edit gateway settings on the page of your payment gateway.
  • Step 5. Fill in the URL of your gateway’s capture endpoint in the Capture URL field in the Payment URLs section.

When a capture is made in the Shopify admin, the Request Values will be sent to your Void URL by Shopify.

Hosted Payment SDK API Reference

The x_ Keys such as x_amount are given by the API Reference files. Those files can let you know whether they require values or not. Also, they have short descriptions to provide the whole context.

Request Values

Key Type Example
x_account_id Required. Note that This is an account identifier assigned to the merchant by the payment processor. Unicode string T6xhZPtunDh8
x_amount Required. decimal 20.99
x_currency Required. iso-4217 GBP
x_reference Required. Note that Unique reference of an order assigned by the merchant. ASCII string 35672
x_shop_country Required. iso-3166-1alpha-2 UK
x_shop_name Required. Unicode string Labor Inc.
x_signature Required. Note that Look for more info about Signing mechanism. hex string, case-insensitive 98ab8779245adcb87259
x_test Required. Note that Indicates whether or not this request should be processed in test mode (if supported). true/false true
x_url_callback Required. Note that URL to which a callback notification should be asynchronously sent. URL https://myshopify.io/ping/1
x_url_cancel Required. Note that URL to which customers must be redirected when they wish to quit payment flow and return to the merchant’s site. URL https://myshopify.io
x_url_complete Required. Note that URL to which customer must be redirected upon successfully completing payment flow. URL https://myshopify.io/orders/1/done
x_transaction_type Note that You’ll only get this value if you’re using order management. The valid values are capture, refund, void. fixed choice capture
x_customer_billing_address1 Unicode string 241 Dagmar Ave
x_customer_billing_address2 Unicode string  
x_customer_billing_city Unicode string Ottawa
x_customer_billing_company Unicode string Shopify
x_customer_billing_country iso-3166-1 alpha-2 CA
x_customer_billing_phone Unicode string +1-613-987-6543
x_customer_billing_state Unicode string ON
x_customer_billing_zip Unicode string M5T 3A8
x_customer_email Unicode string [email protected]
x_customer_first_name Unicode string Chris
x_customer_last_name Unicode string Noland
x_customer_phone Unicode string +1-613-987-6543
x_customer_shipping_address1 Unicode string 241 Dagmar Ave
x_customer_shipping_address2 Unicode string  
x_customer_shipping_city Unicode string Toronto
x_customer_shipping_company Unicode string Shopify
x_customer_shipping_country iso-3166-1 alpha-2 CA
x_customer_shipping_first_name Unicode string Chris
x_customer_shipping_last_name Unicode string Noland
x_customer_shipping_phone Unicode string +1-416-123-4567
x_customer_shipping_state Unicode string ON
x_customer_shipping_zip Unicode string N2T 3A8
x_description Unicode string Orrder #111
x_invoice Unicode string #111
x_shopify_order_id Note that The unique identifier of the order the request originated from. This will only be present in order management requests. integer 259791074

Response Values

Key Type Example Note
X_account_id Required. Unicode string T6xhZPtunDh8 Echo request’s x_account_id
x_amount Required. decimal 20.99 Echo request’s x_amount
x_currency Required. iso-4217 USD Echo request’s x_currency
X_gateway_reference Required. Unicode string 241 A unique reference for every response issued by the payment processor.
x_reference Required. ASCII string 78453 Echo request’s x_reference
x_result Required. fixed choice completed Valid values are completed, failed, or pending.
X_signature Required. hex string, case-insensitive ab682470175683bc89274d or g08497a68265e947be9275 or 0252g12479ea2580c82057 Look for more info about Signing mechanism.
x_test Required. true/false true Echo request’s x_test
x_timestamp Required. iso-8601 in UTC 2014-03-24T12:15:41Z Time of transaction completion. UTC Time: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ
x_message ASCII string The billing address could not be verified. A custom error message presented to customers.
x_transaction_type fixed choice authorization If you are using order management, then the valid values are authorization, void, and refund.
    sale If you are not using order management, then this field will use the default value sale.

Some Error & FAQ for Hosted Payment SDK

Errors

  • 422 Unprocessable Entity: Notification acknowledgment failed when sending the response

You will meet this kind of error when an invalid x_signature parameter is being sent in the response. Even there is a problem with the way to calculate the signature or the merchant has put in the wrong credentials in their store’s Payment settings or both of them, you can employ the Signature Calculator Tool to verify that your signature calculation mechanism is working on the right track.

  • **Error “422 Unprocessable Entity: Unable to find checkout with id "**

It’s a must to make sure that the x_reference value you are supplying does match the checkout ID created by Shopify. The x_reference value that was sent in the request’s parameters will be similar to this value.

FAQ

  • Can I make changes to the Order ID on Shopify?

No. In fact, order IDs are created in sequence by Shopify. They’re not changeable.

  • Can I generate an order with Pending payment status and then change it to Paid later when goods are ready to be delivered?

You are allowed to provide an x_result value of pending when sending the initial notification to x_url_callback. If you want to change the order’s status to Paid, you can send another notification to x_url_callback later with an x_result value of completed.

  • I am receiving empty order management requests, why?

The parameters of payment requests to your integration are stored in the URL as query string parameters. Yet the parameters of order management requests are stored within the request body instead. Please make sure that your gateway has read the request body when it processes order management requests.

Conclusion

Thank you for reading! Hope our article on how to use Shopify Hosted payment SDK to build a Payment Gateway will provide a detailed guide to assist you in setting up your own payment gateway.

For your information about Hosted Payments Signature Calculator, Shopify API Developer Forums, and Sample Hosted Payments Project, if you have no idea whether your signature is correct or not, the Hosted Payments Signature Calculator will help. Similarly, The Hosted Payment Simulator will enable you to simulate the redirects and callbacks required to have integration. Also, you can connect with the community and look for more information about App development and Shopify API with Shopify API Developer Forums.

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